Casual Game – A casual game is a video game targeted at or used by a mass audience of casual gamers. Casual games can have any type of gameplay, and fit in any genre. They are typically distinguished by their simple rules and lack of commitment required in contrast to more complex hardcore games. They require no long-term time commitment or special skills to play, and there are comparatively low production and distribution costs for the producer.
Tower Defense –A subgenre of real-time strategy computer games. The goal is to try to stop enemies from crossing the map by building towers which shoot at them as they pass. Enemies and towers usually have varied abilities and costs. When an enemy is defeated, the player earns money or points, which are used to buy or upgrade towers.
ESRB – The Entertainment Software Rating Board is a self-regulatory organization that assigns age and content ratings, enforces industry-adopted advertising guidelines, and ensures responsible online privacy principles for computer and video games and other entertainment software in Canada and the United States
ESRB Ratings – There are currently seven ratings for video games.
1. “EC” – Early Childhood – Games with this rating contain no material that elders would find inappropriate. Games that fall under this rating are specifically intended for young children and are usually educational.
2. “E” – Everyone – Games in this category may contain no or minimal cartoon, fantasy or mild violence.
3. “E10+” – Everyone 10+ – Contains content that might be considered unsuitable for children under 10 years of age. Games in this category may contain minimal cartoon, fantasy, violence, language, animated blood and/or minimal suggestive themes.
4. “T” – Teen – Contains content that might be considered unsuitable for children under 13 years of age. Titles in this category may contain more intense violence, suggestive themes, crude humor, blood, simulated gambling, and/or use of strong language (which is uncensored).
5. “RP” – Rating Pending – Product has been submitted to the ESRB and is awaiting final rating. However, once rated, all pre-release advertising must contain the game’s official ESRB rating. Some games, depending on the intensity of their content, may also prompt the use of the disclaimer of “May contain content inappropriate for children” for many games that are rated T (Teen), M (Mature) and AO (Adults Only).
6. “M” – Mature – Titles in this category may contain more blood and gore and some games may contain sexual themes/content (which is censored).
7. “AO” – Adults Only – Contains content that is considered unsuitable for people under 18 years of age, and cannot be bought by anyone below that age. These may include adult video games that show sex and graphic nudity, extreme violence and blood and gore.